Breast Cancer Supporting Articles

 

Breast Cancer Supporting Articles

Early detection and education of breast cancer saves thousands of lives every year.  If everyone would follow the guidelines set by the American Cancer Society for early detection of breast cancer, it would improve the chances the cancer would be detected earlier so treatment can begin sooner.

Using screening exams for early detection helps find the cancer before the symptoms start.  Screening means to undergo tests and exams –such as a screening called mammogram, before you have symptoms of breast cancer.

When breast cancer symptoms are evident, the cancer may have spread beyond the breast.  The purpose of early detection is to catch the cancer in the breast before it has spread.

Mammograms and self-exams have been life saving for many women, however, sometimes a mammograms may not detect the cancer.  A mass or a new lump may be an indication of breast cancer.  These masses and lumps can be painless, hard, tender, soft or round.  If you find any changes in you breast, you need to be checked by your doctor.

Some of the other possible signs of breast cancer are as follows:

  • Swelling of all or part of the breast.
  • A dimpling or skin irritation on the breast.
  • Pain in the breast or in the nipple.
  • The nipple turning inward or retracting.
  • Thickening of the nipple or breast skin along with redness and scaliness.
  • Having nipple discharges other than breast milk.
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes

Breast cancer is a malignant tumor of the breast cells and starts either in the ducts or lobules of the breast.  The lobules are the milk producing glands of the breast and the ducts are passages between the lobules and the nipple.

Breast cancer cells may invade other parts of the body.  They normally invade surrounding healthy breast tissue before moving to the underarm lymph nodes.  From the lymph nodes, they may move to other parts of the body including the vital organs such as liver and lungs.  The stage of cancer is dependent on how far the breast cancer has moved.

If breast cancer is suspected, your doctor will order a series of tests including mammograms. Ultrasounds, MRIs, CAT scans and bone x-rays.  This will provide information as the extent the breast cancer.  After the initial biopsy and cancer surgery, the doctor receives a report from the laboratory that provides him the information needed to determine your future treatment and prognosis.

Some of the characteristics of breast cancer which are examined are as follows:

  •        The cancer’s size and appearance.
  •        How quickly the cancer is growing.
  •       Whether the cancer is fed by the female hormones estrogen and progesterone, as well as the growth factor Her2.
  •    If all the surgical margins are clear of cancer.

 

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris was born in Europe but has lived in the US for many years. He attended college both in Europe and the US and completed medical school at the University of Texas. Residency and fellowship in oncology was completed at Baylor. Read More...
Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton