Different Types of Breast Cancer Treatment

 

Different Types of Breast Cancer TreatmentCancer is a disease that many women have to deal with on a day to day basis. According to Cancer.org, 1 in 8 women or about 12% develop invasive breast cancer at some point in their lives. Breast cancer develops from breast cells, predominantly in the inner linings of the milk ducts or lobules feeding off of breast milk.

There are several types of breast cancer, many of which can be fatal if not treated early enough. Due to better screening processes and more information being available to doctors, the death rate of breast cancer is on the decline in the United States.

Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS), aka intraductal carcinoma, is the most prevalent non-invasive type of breast cancer. This type of cancer is usually restricted to inside the ducts and has not yet penetrated the walls out into the surrounding breast tissue.

The most common type of cancer is the Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC). Starting in the mild duct, it then penetrates the walls to the fatty tissue of the breast. This type of breast cancer can spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system.

Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC), starts in the lobules where milk is produced. ILC is harder to detect through mammogram than IDC.

Treating breast cancer is not limited to just chemotherapy, the University of Southampton’s Breast Cancer Campaign doctors are investigating a link with sugar and cancer cell growth. By using cyclic peptide inhibitors, Dr. Jeremy Blaydes has been able to stop certain types of cancer from growing. By blocking a certain protein in cancer cells, reproduction has been blocked.

Depending on what stage your cancer is at, there are a couple of options for treatment. Breast conserving surgery, either mastectomy or lumpectomy, has many side effects including pain, swelling and even resizing the breast or parts of it. Blood build-up and build-up of a clear fluid in the area of surgery are common side effects.

Prophylactic mastectomy surgery is an operation where one or both are removed. The National Cancer Institute states that prophylactic mastectomy surgery can reduce the risk of breast cancer development by 90%.

Systematic treatments for breast cancer include chemotherapy, hormone therapy and biological therapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to attack ―and kill― the cancer cells. Nausea, early menopause, hair loss, fatigue, hot flashes and even lower blood counts are common side effects experienced by patients.

Hormone therapy, indocrine therapy, prevents hormones such as estrogen from assisting in the growth of cancer cells through the use of drugs. Hormone therapy is usually used after breast cancer surgery has already been performed. Vaginal dryness and hot flashes are common side effects.

Biological therapy works with the immune system already in the body to eliminate cancer cells with special medicines. Usually, biological therapy is reserved for cancer cells that are high in a protein known as HER2.

Doctors from all over the world are working together to cure this once deadly disease. Many forms of breast cancer are curable and survivable by patients that have taken proper steps early on. Knowing your options when you think you have breast cancer is key to surviving.

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris was born in Europe but has lived in the US for many years. He attended college both in Europe and the US and completed medical school at the University of Texas. Residency and fellowship in oncology was completed at Baylor. Read More...
Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton

Dr. Chris Charlton